If you are into the whole medieval scene, or axes in general then you have most likely heard and seen a battle axe at some point, but did you know there are many types of battle axes, also refereed to as a battle-ax? Although made more for decorations now, originally they were created for combat use, which is where they got the name. They was specially designed axes, some where created for one hand, others created for a larger person who would use two hands to wield it.
These axes would range from 1lb to 6lbs, and the size could be anywhere from 1ft to 5ft in length, that’s a big axe. Anything over the 5 foot mark would be considered a polearm, not an axe. Let’s take a look at some different types of battle axes.
Viking Battle Axe
Possibly one of the more popular battle axes, likely what one would picture when hearing battle axe, is the viking. It was generally made with a wooden handle and the axe heads were designed in various shapes, sometimes depending on the era. They would range in length from 3in and wider.
This type of axe was designed between the time of vikings, and the middle ages. They are also refereed to as English Long Axes. The design consists of thin, wide blades with horns. They are usually 8 to 12 inches, and weight 2lb to 4lbs. These blades were ideal for cutting, and the weight and size made them easy to hold with one hand. Now they look amazing hanging on almost any wall.
Technically this is a polearm because it’s usually 5 to 6 feet in length, but is designed to be an extra long battle axe. It has a long shaft with the blade on the end with a spike mount. It’s name comes from the German “Halm” meaning staff, and “Barte” meaning axe.
This is another extra long weapon, with the battle axe it’s self often being more than 2 feet in length. The shaft it’s self, one of the shortest of all the polearm battle axe designs, rarely being loner than 5ft. This was a bi axe, and the weight is where the damage lied. It’s compared to the Danish axe because of this, instead of the swing it’s self being the main focus, it was the landing blow of the weight.
No matter if you were using a two handed battle axe, or two single handed battle axes, your foes would often think twice before approaching. Each axe had it’s own purpose and design, and many fighters would have a preference.